What researchers should know about Open Access
Open access to scientific peer reviewed publications has been anchored as an underlying principle in the Horizon 2020 and is explained in the Regulation and the Rules of Participation as well as through the relevant provisions in the grant agreement.
What is Open Access
The core idea of Open Access is to make research results freely available, so that the world can progress a little further. Or, more pragmatically, to ensure the dissemination of research results and increase the visibility and impact of the research (and its financial backers). There are discussions about the practicalities surrounding its implementation and the consequences thereof, and you may or may not support it, but as an H2020 beneficiary you are contractually bound to plan for and attempt to publish output sourced in the project, as Open Access.
In addition, regardless of how and where you publish, you are also obliged to deposit your article/manuscript in an approved repository. To make all this a little easier, we have made a small guide with a checklist.
How to publish
What: The classic academic article. For now, books (complete or chapters) are not included.
Where: The author chooses where to publish the article. One is encouraged to choose an Open Access journal.
How: The contract requires you to enquire with the publisher about Open Access to the article. The documentation of this enquiry should be archived. You are free to choose whether to pay for the Open Access (“Gold” — an eligible project cost) or not (“Green”, perhaps with a set embargo period). If the journal refuses to publish Open Access, you are still free to publish in it. The refusal should be archived, whether it is financial or policy-based. The Commission may, during, or at the end of the project, ask for specific information about the choices made by the authors.
How to deposit
What: You are supposed to deposit the peer-reviewed manuscript. This can either be the final published article or the final peer-reviewed manuscript (ie. the final text, but not in its published, formatted form: the so-called pre-print version). Which one you choose is in practice determined by the agreement between you and the publisher. If the publisher disallows the former, you can in most cases deposit the latter. If your chosen publisher also refuses this, even with a given embargo, the particularities will have to be investigated and agreed upon on a case-by-case basis.
Where: Your manuscript should be deposited in the institutional repository of your (ie. the 1st author’s) affiliated research institution. If this is not possible, you should choose a suitable subject/thematic repository. If the publisher has one, you can use this, provided that the access to it is open. The Commission’s OpenAire system can help you find a repository (choose “Deposit” in the “Participate” menu). If, for any reason, you are unable to find a specific repository, Cern’s Zenodo system is approved by the Commission and open for all.
UiO employees should use Duo via CRIStin.
How: Each repository uses its own method for depositing. Please see the faq/instructions pertaining to your chosen target. The article DOI and information should then, in addition, be entered into the project’s account/publication list in the Participant Portal. This is the responsibility of the author(s).
 Note that some FP7 projects also have this in their contract, as the “Special Clause 39”
 Link to enquiry templates: http://www.uio.no/for-ansatte/arbeidsstotte/fa/open-access/verktoykasse.html
 Please see the project contract for embargo specifics
 Note that OpenAire is NOT a repository in itself. The Commission has announced that they are planning to create a thematic repository, but as of yet, this has not happened.
 Digital Object Identifier, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_object_identifier